Introduction of Taiji Quan
Short introduction of Taiji Quan
Taiji Quan is a specially designed type of Quan in the treasurable Chinese Wushu culture. It helps people to train themselves with empty, flexible, relaxing, comfortable, and quiet methods and is suitable for health care. Taiji Quan can be used for self-defence and is also helpful to adjust Qi (breath) and strengthen heart function. Thus Taiji Quan is beneficial for avoiding illness and extend longevity, and is a skill for both combat and health preservation.
With the development of history, Wushu has changed from battlefield combat skills to sports fitness, so has Taiji Quan. Over 100 years ago, in the “Song of Thirteen Potentials”, Taiji masters has pointed that “What is the ultimate purpose of Taiji? It is to extend longevity.” During the long-term circulation, Taiji Quan has developed many schools, among which five schools of Chen Style, Yang Style, Wu Style, Wu Style and Sun Style are widespread or are provided with relatively obvious characteristics.
Movement characteristics of Taiji Quan
1. Relax Body and Quiet Heart
2. Slow and Gentle Strength
3. Coordination of Movements, Breath, and Mind
Health Theory and Efficacy of Taiji Quan
For influence of Taiji Quan to the health, Beijing Medical University published the articles of “Looking
at Taiji Quan from a Medical View” in 1960s. They conducted systematic medical examination and comparison on three groups of aged people: one group practiced Taiji Quan, one group didn’t and the other group was from the geracomium. The result demonstrated that the group practicing Taiji Quan had better indicators and lower degree of senile changes on aspects of structural froms and functional situation of physique growth, heart and vein system, respiratory system, and skeleton system.
1. The movements and postures of Taiji Quan are good for qi-blood circulation
Movements and postures of Taiji Quan require all parts of the body to keep in a certain curve or circle, so as to relax muscles of all parts of the body. The body postures help circulation of meridians and collaterals and qi-blood, which is difficult to cause the exercise local compaction and generate the lack of oxygen of tissues and organs. Therefore, it is one of the most ideal contents of aerobic metabolism fitness.
2. The technique characteristics of Taiji Quan are good for metabolism
The technique characteristics of Taiji Quan have determined that Taiji Quan is a physical exercise with moderate exercise amount. The relevant tests have proved that when practicing the 24-Style Taiji Quan, the heart rate is 110-130 times per minute at average exercise amount. The moderate exercise amount makes the metabolism of organism be in suitable status, no matter the supply of energy meterials or emission of metabolic products are conducted under a relatively ordered status. The research indicated that after practicing Taiji Quan, the gas components in blood will generate benign improvement, the oxygen saturation and oxygen differential pressure will increase, the differential pressure of carbon dioxide will decline, and the breath indicator will decline, which illustrates that improvement of the oxygen utilization ratio during practice of Taiji Quan has enhanced the aerobic metabolism and storage of energy, promoted functions of the angiocarpy system, thereby generating efficacy of health care to the organism.
3. The coordination of will of Taiji Quan is beneficial for health care of central nervous system
Taiji Quan specially emphasizes on the coordination of the will and movements, and the level of coordination reflects the coordination degree of the central nervous system. Long-term practice of Taiji Quan can effectively promote the flexibility, coordination, and efficacy of the central nervous system, and the practitioners will feel relax, selfless and comfortable. The functional improvements of the central nervous system can change and guide the improvement of the plant nervous functions, thereby preferably making the functions of heart and lungs adapt to the organism requirements.